What we eat matters. We should stop eating meat to save animals, the environment, our health and future.

What we eat matters. It matters in so many aspects that creating an outline for this paper was a challenge. People always say, “you are what you eat,” but even this is an understatement. This paper is an ethical argument on why it’s our ethical duty to stop consuming meat and dairy products. I present objective and factual arguments and anything I say in this paper can be found online with proper research. I argue that we should have a broad point of view of the history of time and not be prejudiced against other opinions. Our high-tech urban-city lifestyle…


According to test of explanatory necessity, the appropriate way to test whether there are moral facts is to see whether we need to suppose the existence of moral facts anywhere in our best causal explanations. Some philosophers think this is a good test of whether there are moral facts, and think that moral facts pass the test. Others agree that this is a good test, but think that moral facts fail it. Still other philosophers think that moral facts fail this test, but that it is a misguided test.

In this paper, I discuss Nicholas Sturgeon’s view as an example…


Torturing others for fun would be morally wrong, even if we all thought it was perfectly acceptable. Allan Gibbard, Thomas Nagel, and Christine Korsgaard all agree with this statement. I’ll first explain what each philosopher would say about the matter and then evaluate.

Gibbard is an Expressivist. For Gibbard, when we call an act wrong, we express our acceptance of norms that would sanction guilt on the agent and anger on the part of others. …


The mass loss of life surrounding our plates.

Photo by Jakub Kapusnak on Unsplash

Many of us believe eating animals is alright. It’s a subject of clash, but little dispute should happen about the animals we buy, then trash.

Against the recommendations from nutritionists, physicians, and doctors, governments still say in dietary guidelines that consuming meat and dairy is necessary for health; and, they recommend these foods as a solution to certain diseases the very products that cause. I have talked at length about why we should stop eating meat here, but today, I must draw attention to the meat we don’t eat but nevertheless kill.

Americans are the leaders on food waste, about…


In this essay, I’ll be talking about Peter Railton’s “Moral Realism” from The Philosophical Review, Vol. 95, №2 (April, 1986) pp. 163–207 and Don Loeb’s “Full-Information Theories of Individual Good” from Social Theory and Practice 21 (1995), pp. 1–30.

Ethical naturalism is a metaethical view that claims moral facts are facts of the natural world. According to the view, moral sentences are capable of having truth values independent of normative thoughts. This paper will first define ethical naturalism and explain the non-moral goodness discussed in section III of Peter Railton’s paper “Moral Realism.” I will then discuss attractions for this…


Here, I’ll be talking about some questions and possible answers about Schrödinger’s thought experiment, wave function collapse, and whether consciousness causing wave function collapse is a better explanation than measurement causing the collapse.

These questions and answers refer to quantum theories, but this text is intended to be neither comprehensive nor scientific about those theories. This is a philosophical inquiry after reading “The Collapse of the Wave Function” pages 80–85 and “Does Consciousness Cause Quantum Collapse” by Kelvin McQueen. You can refer to those readings, read the articles first, and read this article to clarify some thoughts and ideas.

What…


What it feels like is a phrase coined by Thomas Nagel to talk about consciousness, and I direct that question to the current scientific topic of cerebral organoids, and the ethical questions their advancements bring into the table. We don’t know yet if there ‘is something to be a cerebral organoid,’ and, ‘what would it feel like to be a cerebral organoid?’ Cerebral organoids are tiny blobs grown from human stem cells in a petri dish that self-organize into brain-like structures with electrically active neurons. In this essay, I will talk about cerebral organoids, what they are, their uses; I’ll…


Are we here for a purpose? This question puzzled not only philosophers but many ordinary people throughout centuries. To avoid falling into an existential crisis and follow its hard path, people choose to look away and not contemplate whether there is meaning to what we do. People find given meaning to their lives from religion, devotion to their government, or from the wills of their parents. I think we should choose the harder path and consider existentialist philosophy. I argue that we are a collection of atoms that exists in a universe that isn’t created for a reason. If there…


People usually oppose neuroenhancements with the inequality argument, which states that neuroenhancements would benefit the individual but harm society. This argument fails when we talk about moral enhancements. Moral enhancement is in itself, innately has a positive impact on other people. In this paper, the definition of moral enhancement is taken from Thomas Douglas, “an enhancement that will expectably leave the enhanced person with morally better motives than she had previously.” I will use the terms moral and ethical almost interchangeably in this paper. I will first argue that moral enhancement is beneficial to society and that our current moral…


The question of how to live a good life has been in discussion for more than 2500 years. For most philosophers, living a life of virtue is the answer. For Aristotle, moral virtue is to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes; for Plato, virtue is the excellence of the soul, which has a component of excellence of reason, which he calls wisdom. My claim is that we all have an incomplete view of the world because of our subjective point of view and limited experience; being able to understand and see through that subjective experience…

Aleyna Dogan

philosophy with psychology and tech

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